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US - United States | History, Geography, Facts, & Points of Interesting Facts | Global Learning

The official name of the US is the United States Of America, byname America, Short Forms U.S. or U.S.A.


    The United States officiall name is United States of America, byname America, Short Forms U.S. or U.S.A., a federal republic of 50 states, country in North America. The United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The conterminous states are bounded on the on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, north by Canada, on the west by the Pacific Ocean, and on the south by the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico. The United States is the fourth largest country in the world. The national capital is Washington, the federal capital region created in 1790, which is coextensive with the District of Columbia.

History of the United States


    The history of the United States is what happened in the past in the United States. Native Americans have lived there for thousands of years. English people in 1607 went to the place now called Jamestown, Virginia. Other European settlers went to the colonies, mostly from England and later Great Britain. France, Spain, and the Netherlands also colonized North America. In 1775, a war between the Britain began and thirteen colonies, when the colonists were upset over changes in British policies. On July 4, 1776, rebel leaders made the United States Declaration of Independence. They won the Revolutionary War and started a new country. They signed the constitution in 1787 and the Bill of Rights in 1791. George Washington, who had led the war became its first president. During the 19th century, the United States gained much more land in the West and began to become industrialized. In 1861, several states in the South left the United States to start a new country called the Confederate States of America. This caused the American Civil War. After the war, Immigration resumed. Some Americans became very rich in this Gilded Age and the country developed one of the largest economies in the world.

    In the early 20th century, the United States became a world power, fighting in World War I and World War II. The Great Depression ended with World War II.

    The Soviet Union and the United States entered the Cold War. This included wars in Vietnam and Korea. In the 1970s and 1980s, the United States started to make fewer things in factories. The country then went through the worst recession it had since the Great Depression. At the end of the 1980s the Cold War ended, helping the United States out of recession. The Middle East became more important in American foreign policy, especially after the September 11 attacks in 2001.

Climate:


Weather varies widely across the continental USA, as well as in Alaska and Hawaii.

In general terms
* Spring: April - June 
* Summer: July - September 
* Fall: October - December 
* Winter: January - March

US Lake And Rivers


Top 10 Lakes by Area in the United States
* Lake Superior - 31,700 sq. miles
* Lake Huron - 23,000 sq. miles
* Lake Michigan - 22,300 sq. miles
* Lake Erie - 9,910 sq. miles
* Lake Ontario - 7,340 sq. miles
* Great Salt Lake - 2,117 sq. miles
* Lake of the Woods - 1,485 sq. miles
* Iliamna Lake - 1,014 sq. miles
* Lake Oahe - 685 sq. miles
* Lake Okeechobee - 662 sq. miles


Top 10 US Rivers by Length
* Missouri: 2,540 miles
* Mississippi: 2,340 miles
* Yukon: 1,980 miles
* Rio Grande: 1,900 miles
* St. Lawrence: 1,900 miles
* Arkansas: 1,460 miles
* Colorado: 1,450 miles
* Atchafalaya: 1,420 miles
* Ohio: 1,310 miles
* Red: 1,290 miles

US Facts - The United States Of America


1. In 1783, the United States became the first country to gain independence from a European power.

2. The United States of America is also referred to as “the States”, “the United States”, “the U.S.”, “the USA”, and “America”.

3. The United States is the first country to have developed nuclear weapon and the only country to have used them in combat.

4. Alaska has the longest coastline of any state while Florida has the second longest.

5. The United States and Russia both claim to have landed on the moon for the first time in history in 1969.

6. The phrase “United States of America” was first published anonymously in the Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776.

7. The U.S. is the world’s largest economy by nominal GDP and the world’s second-largest economy by PPP.

8. The United States of America has the world’s largest air force. It was founded on September 18, 1947. The USAF with more than 5,369 military aircraft is the most technologically advanced air force in the world.

9.Spanish is the second most common language spoken in the U.S. However, the U.S. does not have any official language.

10. The U.S. was formed by thirteen colonies of Great Britain after defeating Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War. On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was issued.

11. Death Valley is the lowest point in the continent and Mt. McKinley is the highest point in North America.

12. George Washington was the first president of the United States.

13. Amazingly, 100 acres of pizza are served in the U.S. every day.

14. Four of the forty-five presidents of the United States have been assassinated in office.

15. The current U.S. flag was designed by a high school student – Robert G. Heft.

16. Three U.S. presidents died on 4th of July. Thomas Jefferson and John Adam died on July 4, 1826, while John Monroe died on July 4, 1831.

17. Did you know that the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for just US$7.2 million in 1867?

18. According to Title 3 of the US Code, the U.S. president earns a salary of $400,000 a year.

19. he United States is the largest producer of nuclear power, while France has the largest share of electricity generated by nuclear power.

20. After Christianity and Judaism, Islam is the third largest religion in number in the U.S.

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